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دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی روند تحقیق در مورد سیاست های غیرمتمرکز جنگلداری – الزویر ۲۰۱۸

عنوان فارسی: روند تحقیق در مورد سیاست های غیرمتمرکز جنگلداری
عنوان انگلیسی: Trends in research on forestry decentralization policies
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 6 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2018 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF نوع مقاله : ISI
نوع نگارش : مقالات مروری پایگاه : اسکوپوس
کد محصول : E9864 رفرنس : دارد
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : Kb 500
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: منابع طبیعی
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: جنگلداری
مجله: نظرات رایج در پایداری محیط زیست - Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
دانشگاه: Department of Food and Resource Economics - University of Copenhagen - Denmark
doi یا شناسه دیجیتال: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2018.02.003
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چکیده

We identify and describe four strands in the literature on forestry decentralization policies: studies that assess impacts of forestry sector decentralization policies on forests and livelihoods; studies that examine whether forestry decentralization empowers public and democratic local institutions; studies focusing on power and the role of elites in forestry decentralization, and; studies that historicize and contextualize forestry decentralization as reflective of broader societal phenomena. We argue that these strands reflect disciplinary differences in values, epistemologies, and methods preferences, and that they individually provide only partial representations of forestry decentralization policies. Accordingly, we conclude that a comprehensive understanding of these policies cannot rest solely on any of these strands, but should be informed by all of them.

نتیجه گیری

Conclusion

Our review illustrates that forestry decentralization has gained the analytical attention of a variety of academic disciplines, resulting in a complex and varied body of literature. It also shows a tendency of compartmentalization, whereby the findings from one strand do not necessarily inform or draw on those of other strands. For instance, while studies have illustrated that decreasing forest cover is not necessarily an indication of unsustainable management [22], other studies use such indicators to examine relative sustainability of different management regimes. And while studies have shown that areas designated as under decentralized forestry may have highly centralized government management in practice, other studies will take such labels at face value. This is largely a consequence of different disciplinary and individual assumptions and preferences for study design and approach to data analysis that, in turn, shape empirical enquiry and, ultimately, what are presented as ‘findings’. Thus, economists and political and environmental scientists favoring large-N studies and associated statistical analytical approaches face a trade-off between reducing complexity and, thereby, introducing ambiguity, and attaining the ostensibly needed number of observations. Although we believe that such endeavors may bring important and unexpected findings, we believe that they must be complemented by grounded case-based empirical studies. Likewise, we argue for continued attention among authors of such grounded empirical studies to how their idiosyncratic findings may or may not reflect more general phenomena across time and space. Thus, as this review has illustrated, the four strands present differing and partial representations of forestry decentralization policies. Accordingly, reviews that exclude large parts of the literature through restrictive inclusion criteria, such as recent systematic reviews of ‘evidence-based’ studies [20 ,76], run the risk of reproducing and entrenching such partial representations. Rather, we argue, a comprehensive understanding of forestry decentralization policies should be informed by all of them.