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- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
The strength of every institution is determined by the knowledge that resides in its staff and a well-trained and developed workforce is a recipe for outstanding performance and goal achievement. Nonetheless, the cost of training staffs in tertiary educational institutions is a critical sensation that restrains the conduct of training and developing them. This study seeks to carefully examine the impact of training and development on staff performance in tertiary educational institutions in Sierra Leone. The thrust for this theoretical research led to the retrieval of secondary sources published about the subject matter in order to structurally organize its content towards meaningful outcome. Analysis drawn from the retrieved information disclose to us that training can be conducted either on-the-job or off-the-job, which requires an assessment of the necessity of training which states the analysis of the organisation, person and task before an appropriate method could be selected. The reviewed content states that method selected should be followed by an evaluation process to ascertain its effect whether negative or positive. In relation to the evaluated evidences in the reviewed content, we are able to establish that training and development has a positive impact on employee performance as efficiency and effectiveness is activated or inspired by the quantum of knowledge that resides in employees. This study is relevant to human resource management practitioners, professors in tertiary educational institutions, management consultants and employees who are determined to improve their performance through training and development.
Traditionally, the purpose of training and development has been to ensure that employees can effectively accomplish their jobs. Today, the business environment has changed, with intense pressure on organizations to stay ahead of the competition through innovation and reinvention (SHRM (2008). Companies are experiencing great change due to new technologies, rapid development of knowledge, globalization of business, and development of e-commerce. Also, companies have to take steps to attract, retain, and motivate their work forces. Training is not a luxury; it is a necessity if companies are to participate in the global and electronic marketplaces by offering high-quality products and services. Training prepares employees to use new technologies, function in new work systems such as virtual teams, and communicate and cooperate with peers or customers who may be from different cultural backgrounds (Noe 2010).
5.0 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
The careful collection of vital information in order to develop this study have revealed evident facts about the impact of training and development on staff performance in tertiary educational institutions in Sierra Leone. Retrieved information have been able to make us understand that training can either be conducted on-the-job or off-the-job and cannot be implemented without a consideration of its needs and the conduct of a needs assessment which constitutes organisational analysis, person analysis and task analysis. Also, the theories used in this study (reinforcement, cognitive learning, experimental learning and social learning theories) revealed the process of the significance in training programme. The objective selection of appropriate methods for a training programme whether coaching, mentoring or other, reveals the actualities that it helps institutions staff to learn and be able to understand the concepts taught or delivered in the training.