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Sustainability has become a business imperative and every organization needs to respond it. In practicing sustainable organizations, practitioners require to implement Sustainable Enterprise Resource Planning (S-ERP) systems in order to aid them in solving a segregation problem over extended value chain. The concept of the S-ERP system can be adopted from an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system, however, they have distinction in terms of philosophical perspective. S-ERP system adds new dimensions of complexity, including new data types, new sources of data, and new stakeholders. It is more challenging to be implemented successfully than ERP system. Although various software vendors have developed S-ERP software applications, however, the organizations still have a difficulty to implement it due to lack of master plan that provides a holistic approach to implement the system. This problem motivates the researchers to introduce a concept of the S-ERP master plan in this study. Generally, the design of the master plan is developed based on the concept of project management as it can handle complex and complicated projects. The structure of the master plan contains of three essential components: roadmap, framework, and guidelines. These three components are closely interrelated and each of them has its own role in the S-ERP system implementation. An introduction of the S-ERP master plan concept in this paper perhaps would give a bird's eye view to the practitioners about the imperative of the master plan in order to mitigate problems that occur during the S-ERP implementation projects.
5. Conclusions and future works
Sustainability has embedded into business strategies and operations in organizations. They need to integrate all business functions over the extended value chain. In this regard, the role of an S-ERP system is imperative to aid organizations in achieving the sustainability goals and objectives. However, the organizations have problems in implementing this complex system. There is a lack of a master plan that comprehensively provides a roadmap to show the stages, a framework to illustrate the perspective, and guidelines to show the steps for organizations to implement the SERP system. In this study has been introduced a concept of an S-ERP master plan that consists of three main components including roadmap, framework, and guidelines. This concept is adopted from a project management approach that has been generally used in project implementation.
The S-ERP master plan has substantial research implications. The identification of the stages in the roadmap, dimensions in the framework, and steps in the guidelines that made up the master plan structure is an important contribution to the theory on S-ERP system researches. Through this newly formed concept, it is currently possible to systematically implement the S-ERP system in an organization. The research value of the master plan structure concept cannot be underestimated. In addition, each stage, dimension, and step in the master plan can also be used to generate various research areas in S-ERP system implementation thus proving that it can be an important research instrument. Organizations could use the master plan as a reliable method to implement S-ERP system. Furthermore, the master plan would give the practitioners a bird's eye view of the whole S-ERP system concept and its implementation process.
Further study needs to be carried out to explore further development of the master plan. The researchers defined various potential areas that might be explored including the development and evaluation of an S-ERP roadmap, the development and evaluation of an S-ERP framework, and the development and evaluation of SERP guidelines. Fig. 4 gives an illustration of the further studies in SERP implementation master plan.