- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
A 2-year spatio-temporal survey of intertidal brachyuran crabs involving five sites was conducted in the Maavah reef system, Laamu Atoll, Maldives, from April 2001 to March 2003. In December 2004, the sites were hit by the catastrophic Sumatran tsunami. An 8-month-long study was carried in the same five sites after the tsunami, and the data obtained were compared with the pre-impact baseline data. A sand dune formed at the north-eastern side of the island as a result of the tsunami was also included in the post-tsunami study (site 6). Nine brachyuran crab species not recorded during pre-tsunami sampling in the five study sites were collected after the event. Of these, six species were recorded in site 6 during January 2005, and they started to appear in the other sites in the following months. Nine species of crabs collected during the pre-tsunami periods from four sites were not represented in the post-tsunami collections. Abundance, evenness and diversity of the post-tsunami brachyuran communities of sites 1 and 2 exhibited downward trends, and the evenness and diversity of the post-tsunami communities of site 4 exhibited upward trends when compared with pre-tsunami patterns. Multivariate analyses revealed that the tsunami had changed the post-tsunami brachyuran communities of sites 1–4. However, tests revealed that in site 4, the pre-tsunami brachyuran assemblage 1 (2001–2002) differed from pre-tsunami assemblage 2 (2002–2003) and post-tsunami assemblages. The roles of tsunami-transported species and site-specific dominant species in contributing to faunal dissimilarities between the pre- and post-tsunami brachyuran assemblages were found to be patchy. Further studies would reveal whether the population of any newly added species increases or decreases in the long term.