- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Increasing numbers of devices are equipped with sensors, actuators and communication units. These smart object interact with humans as wells as with each other. If they are embedded in more complex, so-called cyber-physical systems (CPS), they can, often via apps, be accessed remotely and initiate processes, e.g. in smart homes. CPS intelligently network real and virtual objects and thereby become self-controlled ecosystems that not only assist in providing and analyzing information but also automatically steer and control processes. Governments need to adapt to these changes and become smart governments. They will then be capable of using the new possibilities of smart objects and CPS in the Internet of Things and the Internet of Services for an efficient and effective execution of public tasks.
In the beginning of 2016, neither "intelligently networked government" nor "smart government" are established mottoes in Europe. The specification of the terms "smart agencies", "smart governance", "smart civil officers" and "smart citizens" is just getting started. Visions for state and government on how to tap the potential of the Internet of Things and the Internet of Services are still missing. Federal, state and local governments should consider these issues in a multilevel working group and perhaps in a smart government cooperation to work out their own definitions. This does not happen yet. The step towards a comprehensive intelligent networking can only succeed through the dialogue of politics and administration with science, business and civil society. Definitively, all groups will be affected by the intelligent networking in government and administration. Moreover, they all want to bring in their ideas. This path should be taken rapidly, as the technological development makes further progress. The disruptive potential of smart objects and cyber-physical systems urgently creates a need for more intensive and substantial discussion and social discourse about smart government.