- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Unsupervised learning (clustering) deals with instances, which have not been pre-classified in any way and so do not have a class attribute associated with them. The scope of applying clustering algorithms is to discover useful but unknown classes of items. Unsupervised learning is an approach of learning where instances are automatically placed into meaningful groups based on their similarity. This paper introduces the fundamental concepts of unsupervised learning while it surveys the recent clustering algorithms. Moreover, recent advances in unsupervised learning, such as ensembles of clustering algorithms and distributed clustering, are described.