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دانلود رایگان مقاله شغل سازی و نقش رفتار اضافی : نقش تعامل با کار و شکوفایی

عنوان فارسی: شغل سازی و نقش رفتار اضافی : نقش تعامل با کار و شکوفایی
عنوان انگلیسی: Job crafting and extra-role behavior: The role of work engagement and flourishing
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 35 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2015 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF کد محصول : E5011
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : Kb500
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: مدیریت و علوم اجتماعی
مجله: مجله رفتار حرفه ای - Journal of Vocational Behavior
دانشگاه: دانشگاه صنعتی ایدووون، هلند
کلمات کلیدی: عملکرد محتوا؛ خلاقیت؛ تعهد شغلی؛ شکوفایی کار
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چکیده

Abstract

This study investigates whether crafting of job demands and resources relates positively to extra-role behavior (i.e. contextual performance and creativity) through work engagement and flourishing. We collected data from 294 employees and their supervisors regarding employees’ contextual performance and creativity. Results show that seeking resources had a positive indirect relationship with contextual performance through work engagement, and with creativity through work engagement and flourishing. Reducing demands had negative indirect relationships with both contextual performance and creativity through work engagement. We conclude that particularly seeking resources has important implications for extra-role behavior and discuss the practical implications of these findings.

نتیجه گیری

Discussion

The goal of this study was to examine whether job crafting strategies of employees are related to more extra-role behavior as rated by the supervisor and whether this occurs through work engagement and flourishing. The findings of the present study suggested that the more individuals seek resources at work, the more engaged they are in their work and the more they flourish in their life. Simplifying one’s job does not seem to be an effective strategy as the more employees reduced job demands, the less engaged they were in their job, whereas their level of flourishing was unaffected. Seeking challenges did not have additional value in predicting either work engagement or flourishing. Furthermore, work engagement proved to have a strong positive relationship with work functioning that goes beyond formal job requirements. Specifically, the more engaged employees were, the higher the ratings they received from their supervisor regarding their creativity and contextual performance. Flourishing employees were perceived to be more creative but not to exhibit higher contextual performance by their supervisors. Thus, it seems that work engagement and flourishing form conditional experiences explaining the sequence through which job crafting relates to extra-role behavior.