- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of connected devices with inputs and outputs operating in, and on, the physical world. The network is simultaneously fed by, and feeds into, data streams flowing across digital-physical boundaries, connecting sensors, servers, actuators, devices, and people. ‘Things’ of all types, lightbulbs, doorbells, kettles and cars, discretely-but-visibly do their jobs. Meanwhile in the unseen digital domain, where data swirls imperceptible to humans, the atmosphere is thick with the rapidly-moving data packets and content that constitute inter-machine chatter. Contrasting the visible calm in the physical world with obscured bedlam in the digital otherworld sets the scene for the argument we present in this paper. Applying Object Orientated Ontology, IoT designers may reimagine data, devices, and users, as equally significant actants in a flat ontology. In this paper, we exemplify our arguments by creating a Design Fiction around a reimagined ‘smart kettle’.
4. Conclusions and Future Research
In this paper we frame IoT in terms of constellations, highlight some effects of HCD methods which are problematic for IoT constellations, introduce OOO as a response to these issues, and finally provide an example Design Fiction to demonstrate how these ideas may become concrete design practice. Our contribution is not an end, but an invitation for further exploration. Our hope with this paper is to help lay foundations for new design discourses that are fit for the design challenges we face in the 21st century. As we have shown in this paper, there is a strong argument for why designers working to create Internet of Things devices need to look beyond the traditions of Human Centred Design. Object Orientated Ontology, as we have shown rhetorically and through practice, is a powerful tool for responding to these challenges, and ultimately, designing beyond them.