- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
The perception of on-road hazards is critically important to emergency medical services (EMS) professionals, the patients they transport and the general public. This study compared hazard perception in EMS and civilian drivers of similar age and personal driving experience. Twenty-nine EMS professionals and 24 non-professional drivers were given a dynamic hazard perception test (HPT). The EMS group demonstrated an advantage in HPT that was independent of simple reaction time, another indication of the validity of the test. These results are also consistent with the view that professional driving experience results in changes in the ability to identify and respond to on-road hazards. Directions for future research include the development of a profession-specific hazard perception tool for both assessment and training purposes.
4. Discussion and conclusions
Driving is a complex task that requires a number of perceptual and cognitive skills. Included among these skills is hazard perception,the ability to identify and respond to a hazard to allow collision avoidance (Horswill and McKenna, 2004). Hazard perception defi- ciencies innovicedrivershave been widely reported(Crundall et al., 2003; Garay-Vega, and Fisher, 2005; McKenna et al., 2006; Fisher et al., 2006; Patten et al., 2006; Horswill et al., 2013). Additionally,there is a growing body of evidence suggesting that differences also exist between experienced civilian drivers and emergency service responders (Horswill et al., 2013; Crundall et al., 2005). This research suggests that those in the roles of “first responders” have acquired greater experiences that affect their driving, specifically their hazard perception.