- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Purpose Socio-emotional difficulties have been observed on adult patients suffering from anorexia nervosa (AN). But researches with adolescents are scarce and non-congruent. The aim of this paper is to identify the socio-emotional difficulties that are encountered by AN during adolescence, and to isolate them from those encountered by control adolescents. Method 41 AN and 38 control adolescents were assessed using the emotional quotient inventory by Bar-On, youth version (EQ-i: YV), the Toronto Alexithymia Questionnaire (TAS-20), the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), and anxiety and depression were controlled using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Results Personal distress remains the main difference between the two groups, even when depression and anxiety are controlled. Intrapersonal difficulties are observed in the AN group, as well as alexithymic traits. Conclusion Research on AN has to focus on the socio-emotional difficulties during adolescence, to properly identify which difficulties are linked to that life period, and which are a trait of AN. Level III Evidence obtained from well-designed cohort or case–control analytic studies, preferably from more than one center or research group.
By conducting this research we wanted to explore the difference between trait emotional intelligence, empathy, and alexithymia in a sample of adolescent girls suffering from an anorexia nervosa and a control sample of healthy adolescents. We wanted to do so using an evaluation never used before on this clinical population, the emotional intelligence inventory of Reuven BarOn for children and adolescent, the EQ-i: YV.
Regarding anxiety and depression, the AN group had significantly higher score than the HC at the HADS-D and HADS-A scales, even though the HC’s group mean score at the HADS-A was more elevated than the HADS-D. But the tendency for a healthy adult population to present higher anxiety than depression was previously observed in the MSCEIT and AN research .
With this research, we were able to highlight the difference in intra-personal trait emotional intelligence between our clinical group and the HC, but that difference could be explained by the high depression traits assessed in the AN group, as shown with the linear regression. Indeed, the difference between the two groups is better explained by depression than the group variable. The results of the groups in the General Mood Scale is explained by depression, which is expected, and the diagnosis of anorexia.