- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Water resource management is the cornerstone for sustainable development. According to the United Nations world water development report, one-fifth of the world’s population lives in areas characterized by physical water scarcity (Xu et al. 2018). The increase of water demand concomitantly with water scarcity is a common threat for humanity; it is expected to be worse in the future. Almost half of the world population will be living in area with high water stress by 2030 (United Nation Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2012). Thus, potential water resources need to be monitored with care for strategic management. Population growth and economic development cause significant increase in agricultural and industrial demand for water. Recently, Guerra and Reklaitis (2018) addressed the growing vulnerability to both availability and quality of water sources. They stated that Bthe vulnerability of energy systems to water utilization constraints could be mitigated by the effective design and implementation of water management strategies.^ This was consistent with main target of the 2nd International Conference on Integrated Environmental Management for Sustainable Development (ICIEM), held in Sousse-Tunisia from 27 to 30 October 2016 because water management issues require more attention by the research community, especially in arid/semi-arid countries.