- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
In the past decade, digital technologies have become more and more ubiquitous and accessible, making them seem seductively “democratic.” This cultural moment evokes Yancey's (2004) call for a re-evaluation of the work of rhetoric and composition, because “this moment right now... is like none other” (p. 297) as it marks a major shift in reading, writing, and participation in new, digitized economies. I argue that online fanfiction practices demonstrate to us, as literacy scholars and teachers, how digital tools have affected one writing community. These tools have allowed fans to develop an alternative to the “commodity culture” that we live in, a “gift economy,” where affect and emotion play integral roles. In this article, I explore “good writing” and community features at one Harry Potter fanfiction website, Sycophant Hex. In addition, I explore some tensions of Sycophant Hex's literacy practices in depth through a case study of one prolific fanwriter, Chivalric. I argue that investigation of these kinds of online writing spaces is especially valuable for literacy scholars and compositionists because they highlight how writing is a deeply embodied and emotional, life-long process.
Beyond the “Democratizing Dream” and toward emotion While early work on fanzine cultures, such as that by Jenkins (1992) and Bacon-Smith (1992), closely investigated the kinds of writing and learning communities that early fanzine writers created, the majority of the focus of these arguments was on the content of the zines, particularly to demonstrate the ways it was resistant to dominant ideologies. Certainly, this was likely in large part (as Hills, 2002, argued) due to these scholars’ drive to legitimate academic scholarship on fandom. Nonetheless, much of the scholarship on fandom, even online fandom, has tended to focus on its resistant content. Because of this, it seems that only more recent work (particularly by Hills, 2002) has begun to consider the central importance of emotion and in-group hierarchy in the functioning of online fanfiction writing. My analyses above demonstrate not only that fanwriting can be resistant, but that it is also subject to larger ideologies as well as the constraints of the communities’ agreed-upon interpretations. More importantly, my analyses have shown that these complex positions are not only structured within but also made possible by the differing, highly affective economies of these websites.