- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Purpose: Narcissism constitutes a personality trait which is considered responsible for both positive and negative behavioral outcomes that impact decisions and actions. The paper investigates the relation of narcissism to leadership in business contexts and presents its impact on specific organizational variables, which are crucial for the pursuit of excellence. Design/methodology/approach: The approach, by which this paper is structured, is theoretical and has been based on a literature review regarding narcissism (and more specifically narcissistic leadership) in business contexts. Findings: Narcissism can have positive (mainly in the short term) and/or deleterious effects both for the individual and the organization. The self-proclaimed excellence of narcissists results from a combination of their beliefs about their extreme intelligence, abilities and leadership and their high motives for reassuring their supremacy. However, the behavior of narcissistic leaders impacts various organizational parameters which are preconditions for organizational excellence. Research limitations/implications: The study at hand can be used as an input for further research on the effects of narcissism on quality performance variables. Practical implications: The behavior of narcissists (and its positive and/or negative consequences) should be evaluated in relation to any specific organizational context and circumstances. Originality/value: The study examines narcissistic leadership and attempts to examine its implications for factors that are crucial for the achievement of organizational excellence.
Narcissism is linked to positive elements such as charisma, creativity and vision as well as negative results for an individual and its context (such as failure to develop and maintain long term relationships with other people, cases of unethical behavior, obstructing communication). At the organizational level, high level narcissism is an indication of toxic leadership, while it is also connected to the abuse of power, nonproductive culture and organizational collapse. Even it can be supported that there is also a bright side of narcissism or that narcissism may be useful in certain phases of organizational development, narcissistic behavior should be evaluated in relation to specific context and circumstances. In any case companies should be in a position to diagnose and eliminate problematic situations through appropriate mechanisms and policies (e.g. obligatory seminars for and discussions with highly ranked executives about self-awareness and the ability to diagnose personal weaknesses, utilization of employee evaluation data, careful fact and behavior based selection of executives for promotion, development of emergency succession plans) so that potential problems from narcissistic behaviors are prevented.