- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
In a globalized world, clusters, or territorial production systems, need to evolve into innovation systems to retain their competitive advantages and be able to develop. This study analyzes the cooperative entrepreneurship model as a means of structural change for these clusters, constituting a third way between the private business way and the government-oriented way. Building on an evolutionist approach and a qualitative comparative methodology, the study analyzes two successful cooperatives: Mondragon and Anecoop. As a novelty, this article explains the innovation process from an institutional perspective, combining micro–meso–macro levels. The results confirm that cooperatives are able to articulate structural change processes at the meso-level and to give rise to meso-rules that are functional and determinant in the processes of structural change. The two factors that enable these processes are the cooperative Schumpeterian entrepreneurs and the Hayekian metainstitutions.
Clusters/territorial production systems face the challenge of becoming innovation systems to take on globalization. The processes of change that this transformation requires are meso-economic processes, entailing the need for a heterogeneous business population to introduce innovations by developing meso-trajectories. However, these technological, organizational, cognitive, and behavioral meso-trajectories generate imbalances in the macro order, needing to integrate the different meso-trajectories. This process requires an abstract institution with previously-established rules and values (Hayek, 1988), which coordinates these meso-trajectories imposing behavioral limits throughout their course (Dopfer & Potts, 2008).