- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Aim: This study investigated the effect of the emotional intelligence education programme on quality of life of haemodialysis patients. Background: Nurses need knowledge development regarding the impact of educational strategies on patients’ quality of life suffering from chronic diseases. Methods: A pragmatic quasi-randomized controlled trial was conducted with 47 haemodialysis patients attending a university hospital in an urban area of Iran. The patients were randomly assigned to intervention (n = 23) and control (n = 24) groups. A socio-demographic questionnaire, the Cyberia-Shrink Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire, and the Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form were used to gather data. The intervention group attended an educational programme on emotional intelligence that consisted of six-group discussion sessions. To ensure the continuity of learning and to measure the subsequent expected behavioural changes, the patients filled out the data collection tools six and 12 weeks after the completion of the education programme. Results: The mean score of quality of life in the intervention group was 39.94 ± 15.88 in pretest, 44.87 ± 16.04 six weeks and 52.47 ± 16.07 at the 12 weeks after the intervention (p = 0.032). Conclusion: The consideration of emotional intelligence educational strategies by nurses requires its incorporation into pre-qualifying nursing degrees and professional development programmes. Nurse managers need to lead nurses for applying emotional intelligence in daily practice with the aim of providing an holistic patient care.
The aim of treatment modalities such as haemodialysis is the increase of patients’ survival rates and improvement of their QoL. Findings from this study provides evidence for nurses and nursing managers to provide EI education programmes to enhance the QoL of haemodialysis patients. The consideration of EI improvement strategies in patient care by nurses requires its incorporation into the curricula of pre-qualifying nursing degrees and within continuing professional development programmes. It is noted that emotional intelligence is considered a crucial part and motivator of high quality nursing care (Jönsson, 2012). Also, the establishment of a favourable, empowering and creative workplace needs nurses to achieve emotional intelligence skills (Heckemann, Schols, & Halfens, 2015; Echevarria, Patterson, & Krouse, 2017). Therefore, nurse managers are needed to achieve EI knowledge and skills in order to lead and educate nurses to apply an holistic perspective in terms of physical, psychological and emotional aspects of patient care in daily practice. Further research to evaluate the relationship between the application of EI by nurse managers and the quality of nursing care is recommended. The effects of the EI education programme on other aspects of chronic diseases such as depression, anxiety, and self-efficacy need investigations.