- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
A number of geometrically-detailed passive finite element (FE) models of the lumbar spine have been developed and validated under in vitro loading conditions. These models are devoid of muscles and thus cannot be directly used to simulate in vivo loading conditions acting on the lumbar joint structures or spinal implants. Gravity loads and muscle forces estimated by a trunk musculoskeletal (MS) model under twelve static activities were applied to a passive FE model of the L4-L5 segment to estimate load sharing among the joint structures (disc, ligaments, and facets) under simulated in vivo loading conditions. An equivalent follower (FL), that generates IDP equal to that generated by muscle forces, was computed in each task. Results indicated that under in vivo loading conditions, the passive FE model predicted intradiscal pressures (IDPs) that closely matched those measured under the simulated tasks (R2 = 0.98 and root-mean-squared-error, RMSE = 0.18 MPa). The calculated equivalent FL compared well with the resultant force of all muscle forces and gravity loads acting on the L4-L5 segment (R2 = 0.99 and RMSE = 58 N). Therefore, as an alternative approach to represent in vivo loading conditions in passive FE model studies, this FL can be estimated by available in-house or commercial MS models. In clinical applications and design of implants, commonly considered in vitro loading conditions on the passive FE models do not adequately represent the in vivo loading conditions under muscle exertions. Therefore, more realistic in vivo loading conditions should instead be used.