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دانلود رایگان مقاله ارتباطات صوتی از طریق بلوتوث کم انرژی در سناریو اینترنت اشیا : BlueVoice

عنوان فارسی: ارتباطات صوتی از طریق بلوتوث کم انرژی در سناریو اینترنت اشیا : BlueVoice
عنوان انگلیسی: BlueVoice: Voice communications over Bluetooth Low Energy in the Internet of Things scenario
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 9 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2016 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF کد محصول : E638
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : 1 Mb
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: مهندسی کامپیوتر و مهندسی فناوری اطلاعات و مهندسی فناوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: شبکه های کامپیوتری، اینترنت و شبکه های گسترده
مجله: ارتباطات کامپیوتر - Computer Communications
دانشگاه: اگرات بریانزا، ایتالیا
کلمات کلیدی: اینترنت اشیا، بلوتوث کم انرژی، گفتار
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چکیده

Abstract

Bluetooth Low Energy (Bluetooth LE) is a key technology in the envisioned Internet of Things (IoT) scenario. In fact, its extremely low-power characteristics make it one of the most suitable solutions to enable wireless communications among battery powered IoT objects ubiquitously deployed in the field with the aim of building smart environments. Although Bluetooth LE specification targets a specific set of applications mainly devoted to monitoring purposes, innovative solutions can lead to the adoption of such technology in different applications, such as multimedia streaming, allowing IoT objects to exploit new functionalities. In this direction this article presents BlueVoice, an application targeted to Bluetooth LE devices to enable speech streaming services. In the article BlueVoice is presented by first detailing the services set extension needed to support the new envisioned multimedia service, then a description of application choices is given, followed by an evaluation of its performance in real IoT objects. Thanks to the selected speech encoding technique, connection design choices and packetization strategies, BlueVoice application requires a communication bandwidth of 64.3 kbps to transmit audio at 16 kHz in ADPCM format. BlueVoice performance has been evaluated in terms of power consumption, memory and processing requirements, showing feasibility of the developed solution in resource constrained devices, thus confirming the correct choices in the application design. The set of performance information obtained show that BlueVoice is a viable solution to enable speech communications in ubiquitous wireless IoT nodes based on the Bluetooth LE technology.

نتیجه گیری

6. Conclusions

In this article an innovative solution for streaming speech over Bluetooth Low Energy is presented. The so-called BlueVoice application demonstrates the feasibility of multimedia communication in constrained sensor devices acting as IoT nodes. In the article, a vendor specific Bluetooth LE profile for speech communication is defined, and the BlueVoice design is presented by considering communication roles of involved devices, audio processing and compression choices, packetization issues and bandwidth requirements. The BlueVoice application is composed of a Tx node and a Rx node, acting as Bluetooth LE Slave/Server and Master/Client respectively. Periodical notifications are sent from the Server to the Client after the connection is established. On the Tx node, MEMS microphone digital output in PDM format is acquired, converted to PCM and then compressed to ADPCM, resulting in a communication bandwidth of 64 kbps on the Bluetooth LE link. The pro- file also defines a side-information mechanism, requiring an additional bandwidth of 300 bps, for a total bandwidth of 64.3 kbps required by the application. In order to evaluate the performance of the proposed solution, the BlueVoice application has been implemented in real hardware devices. Particular focus has been devoted to the Tx node, which has been implemented as a fully digital system composed of a MEMS microphone, a microcontroller acting as host and a network module acting as Bluetooth LE controller. Performance evaluation reported in the article shows the feasibility of the solution for the IoT context in terms of power consumption, processing requirements and memory footprint. In particular, a power consumption of only 9.570 mW has been measured for the network module during audio streaming, while completely acceptable memory and processing requirements have been experienced. Moreover, the communication delay has been measured as a key performance indicator. Such a figure of merit results in an average of 15.80 ms and a maximum of 29.00 ms, showing that the BlueVoice application is able to reach very high speech quality values at the receiver side and therefore confirming it as a suitable solution for advanced applications in the IoT scenario.