- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Horizontal wells with one or more branches have been used to maximize reservoir contact by Statoil and other oil companies for more than a decade. Frictional pressure drop and variation in permeability and mobility will naturally lead to non-uniform inflow profile along a well. Eventually, this will result in gas and/or water breakthrough, which may reduce the well performance and recovery significantly. The breakthrough typically occurs in the heal region of the well and in regions with high reservoir permeability. Inflow Control devices (ICDs) are flow resistance elements installed along the producing zone of a well to counteract the non-uniform inflow, hence improving the well performance. The technology is regarded as standard technology by the industry and classified as passive inflow control, since the geometry of the devices is fixed or preset prior to installation. Passive inflow control is applied to delay the unwanted gas/water breakthrough. However, once occurred, conventional inflow control will not reduce or stop the breakthrough. Statoil's new autonomous inflow control device (AICD) is an active flow resistance element distributed along the well, similar to conventional passive ICDs. Statoil's AICD will, in addition to delay the breakthrough, reduce the proportions of the breakthrough. The AICD will impose a relatively strong choking for low-viscous fluids and only minor choking for viscous oil. This is due to autonomous changes in the flow area internally in the AICD. With this technology the well performance and production can be higher after a breakthrough compared to conventional inflow control.