- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Job satisfaction has been linked to workforce retention in child welfare agencies. One of the most widely used measures on job satisfaction is the Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS). Although it was validated among workers of public social service agencies, its psychometric properties remain untested in workers of voluntary (private, nonprofit) child welfare agencies. Using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), this study aims to examine the reliability and validity of the JSS in frontline child welfare workers in voluntary agencies. The sample was randomly split into two subsamples for factor analyses. Based on Sample 1 (N = 343), the EFA yields a six-factor structure with 23 items: 1) pay, 2) supervision, 3) promotion, 4) benefits, 5) communication, and 6) nature of work. Using Sample 2 (N = 358), the CFA confirms that the six-factor model fits the data well. Except for the communication subscale, the other five subscales have good internal consistency reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity. The five subscales also have good criterion validity in that they are strongly correlated with both intent to stay in child welfare and intent to leave the current agency. These findings suggest a short-form version of the JSS (JSS-SF) with 19 items loading on five subscales, which can be used to measure job satisfaction among voluntary child welfare workers. Directions for future research and implications for voluntary child welfare agencies are discussed.
Given the wide use of the JSS in child welfare retention research, it is urgent to examine its psychometric properties in child welfare workers. The current study bridged the gap by validating the scale in a sample of voluntary child welfare workers. The validated JSS-SF includes five subscales and 19 items: pay (4 items), promotion (4 items), supervision (4 items), benefits (4 items), and nature of work (3 items). Comparing to the original JSS (nine subscales with 4 items each), the JSS-SF is more practical to use for administrative purposes. We caution against using the original JSS in child welfare research without thoroughly examining its psychometric properties. Instead, child welfare administrators and researchers wishing to assess job satisfaction in voluntary child welfare workforce should consider using the JSS-SF.