- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
The macroporous and elastomeric beads from polyurethane acrylate (PUA), ethyl methacrylate (EMA), and styrene (St) are prepared by suspension polymerization using n-heptane as porogen and 1,2-divinylbenzene (DVB) as cross-linking agent. The scanning electronic microscope results show that the beads of PUA–EMA–St cross-linked copolymers have many large pores on their surfaces and interiors, and the macroporous sizes are dependent of the copolymer composition and the dosages of cross-linking agents and porogen. Average porous diameters decrease as the dosages of DVB increase and the contents of PUA and porogen decrease. The cross-linked copolymers have two kinds of beads (one with many larger holes on the surface and another with much smaller pores or without pore), when the ratio of PUA to EMA and St is from 6/4 to 4/6. The macroporous and elastomeric beads can improve the underwater acoustic absorption properties of the polyurethane/epoxy (PU/EP) blend elastomer, and the underwater acoustic properties of the composites based on PU/EP blend elastomer and the beads depend mainly on the amounts of the beads and the dosages of porogen.