- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
This paper aims at deriving short passive sentences in Standard Arabic (SA henceforth) within Chomsky`s Minimalist Approach (1995, 2005). We claim that a Voice° with a valued (- active) feature should be introduced with the passive infix as its specifier to the derivation. We also claim that verbs enter the derivation with unvalued voice features that can be valued by entering in a probe-goal syntactic relationship with the voice°. This relationship triggers the verb to move up to voice° for two reasons: First, to satisfy its unvalued voice feature. Second, to pick up the passive infix and move further to T° to satisfy its EPP in a VS order sentence, whereas in an SV order sentence, the verb remains in voice° and the surface subject DP moves from [Spec,V] to [Spec ,T] to satisfy the EPP feature of T°. Therefore, we argue against Soltan (2007) who maintains that SA does not make use of A-movement. However, we agree with him in claiming that SA passives have no vP shells since passives have no external argument. It is to be mentioned that this claim goes in line with Chomsky`s (2005) theory of phases.