- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Inter-organizational relationships in supply chains are built, maintained, and enhanced to achieve corporate goals. However, relational risk will weaken the success of supply chains. Manufacturers must build forms of relational governance to safeguard against the relational risk of partners. For managing relational risk, this research investigates the contribution of institutional and moral orientations to relational risk management. The results of the study of 260 major manufacturing firms in Taiwan suggest that three types of relational risk—opportunistic behavior, loss of competences, and incomprehension— are significantly affected by institutional and/or moral orientations. The findings provide useful insights into how supply chain members should reinforce their institutional and moral views of relational governance and manage relational risks faced by the supply chain as a whole.
Consistent with our hypotheses, the results of the analyses suggest that institutional and moral orientations are both negatively related to the risk of loss of competences. This finding is in line with the results of previous research on this subject. Institutionally and morally oriented forms of inter-organizational interaction and cooperation in a supply chain help members to understand inter-organizational activities and processes. The finding may suggest that in Taiwan’s supply chains, organizations are sufficiently institutionally and morally oriented to reduce the risk of loss of competences. Organizations in a supply chain are likely to band together if their cooperation is perceived to benefit and thus add value to their inter-organizational relationships. Therefore, partners in a cooperative inter-organizational relationship can mutually enhance each other’s ability to process information rationally and reduce the risk of loss of competences. As a result, effective relational risk management during the formation of inter-organizational relationships in supply chains is likely to reinforce members’ institutional and moral orientations and thus reduce the likelihood of loss of competences.