- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
The mechanisms underlying totipotency, the unique ability of isolated plant cells to regenerate into plants, offer developmental biology a unique challenge. While it has been recognised for some time that phytohormones, such as auxin and cytokinin, play a role in this process by inducing a variety of growth patterns in both isolated cells, unorganised callus and intact plants, the molecular basis of their action remains unknown. The molecular and biochemical analysis of the novel interaction between tumour-inducing soil bacteria and the wounded plant has provided a valuable insight into how plants respond to phytohormones. During tumour formation, the bacteria transfer to the genome of the host plant a variety of genes which either short circuit the normal pathways of accumulation of phytohormones or modify how the plant cell responds to them. In parallel to these studies, we have been investigating plant genes involved directly or indirectly in the mechanism of phytohormone action. Auxin-binding proteins (putative receptors) have been localised in various cellular locations and the genes encoding them are currently undergoing analysis. Recently, a novel form bf T-DNA has been devised by which mutant plant cell lines can be generated which grow in culture in the absence of exogenously applied auxin. The tagged genes, which are in effect plant cellular proto-oncogenes, are likely to shed more light on how auxin serves to regulate growth and development.