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The present study offers a logical understanding of the development of human resource management (HRM) in Vietnam over the past 30 years. While previous studies have examined the adoption of HR practices, there remains a need to understand the current state of HRM development in Vietnam. Using a semantic analysis approach, we systematically analyzed the themes and concepts from 100 journal articles related to HRM in Vietnam, selected from academic databases between 1984 and 2013. The main study findings show that the development of HRM is associated with the key stages of economic development in Vietnam.
Our aim has been to contribute to the current literature a systematic and semantic review of the HRM department and the current state of HRM research in Vietnam. We have also provided a number of directions for future HRM studies in relation to changes in Vietnam’s economic developments and institutional changes. In this study, we have shown that institutional theory as a theoretical lens is important for understanding the development of HRM in a specific context. We argued that an assessment of the historical and economical context and developments of HRM are essential to identify challenges for the HRM function and to understand the extent to which HRM has been adopted in organizations in Vietnam. Our study has responded to the need to provide context into HRM research by examining the development of HRM in Vietnam over the last 30 years. This study has provided an updated and semantic review of HRM development and HRM research in line with economic development stages and institutional changes in the last 30 years. Based on the findings, we have suggested some directions for future research that will make significant contributions to the knowledge of HRM in developing economies.