- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a widely embraced social phenomenon and has attracted increasing research interests in the construction industry recent years. However, their coverage of the issues pertaining to CSR in the construction industry are isolated and less comprehensive, failing to encompass the multifaceted nature of the construction industry. This study aimed to reveal and conceptualise the CSR's state of art in the construction industry. Following a systematic selection of 68 papers published in different journals between 2000 and 2017, the inductive and deductive content analysis of these papers reveal four research themes of current CSR research in the construction industry, comprising CSR perception, CSR dimensions, CSR implementation and CSR performance. A conceptual framework was developed accordingly to reflect the CSR research sate of art in the construction industry. Furthermore, given the nexus between CSR and sustainable development, insights for enhancing CSR contribution to sustainable development, and sustainable development goals (SDGs) in the construction industry were proposed, including changing the traditional procurement practices, improving legislation for environmental responsibility, integrating CSR dimensions and increasing CSR implementation in small to medium enterprises (SME). The findings of this study will deepen the understanding of CSR in the construction industry, and provide practical implications for different stakeholders in the construction industry to contribute more effectively to sustainable development.
Conclusion, implications and further research
The aim of this study was to provide a systematic review of CSR research to reveal and conceptualise CSR's state of art in the construction industry. The findings reveal four research themes in the construction industry, i.e. CSR perception, CSR dimensions, CSR implementation and the CSR performance. Owing to extensive diversity in the construction industry in terms of its associated processes and related disciplines, CSR is literarily perceived as an ambiguous terminology that is lacking in common definition in the industry. Nevertheless, CSR is still viewed to help to achieve the goal of sustainability in the industry. The CSR dimensions reveal the common CSR practices, thereby enabling the identification of dominant CSR dimensions in the construction industry. Of the social, environmental and economic dimensions of CSR, the social dimension is the most dominant in the construction industry, followed by the environmental and economic dimensions. The social dimension encompasses CSR practices such as education and skill acquisition which are old fashioned, and new forms such as social procurement, social enterprise and indigenous reconciliation. CSR implementation reveals the specific strategies for ensuring successful implementation of CSR. These include: embedding CSR as part of organisational vision, mission or policy, incorporating CSR as part of the conditions to be executed in the project delivery of construction contracts, employing CSR or sustainability standards as guideline for CSR implementation, adherence to the national guidelines for sustainable development or social responsibility and partnership among construction industry stakeholders and/or external parties to deliver social gains. Lastly, CSR performance indicates the impact of CSR on the performance in construction organisations in both economic and non-economic forms.