- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Energy efficiency evaluation of heat exchangers are crucial for energy saving in industrial applications. Currently, no energy efficiency evaluation is appropriate for the grading of energy efficiency of heat exchangers. In this paper, an energy efficiency index (EEI) is proposed to evaluate the energy efficiency of single-phase flow and heat transfer of plate heat exchangers. EEI is defined by k/p n , where k is overall heat transfer coefficient, p is flow pressure gradient and exponent n is the indicator of the relative importance between heat transfer and flow resistance. EEI indicates the overall heat transfer coefficient per unit equivalent pressure drop. The recommended n is 0.31 for plate heat exchangers based on the data of 281 heat exchangers. We conclude a normal distribution function for the evaluation of energy efficiency of plate heat exchangers in Chinese industrial applications. The present method can quantitative evaluate the performance of plate heat exchangers and hence can grade them in terms of energy efficiency.
In the present study, we use k and p to indicate the gains and costs of the flow and heat transfer, exponent n to describe the relative importance between heat transfer and pressure drop, and EEI defined by k/p n is proposed to evaluate and grade the single-phase flow and heat transfer energy efficiency of heat exchangers. EEI is an index of the overall heat transfer coefficient per unit equivalent pressure drop. According to our study on the flow and heat transfer database, exponent n is selected as 0.31 Principle validation of EEI shows a good agreement with the Second Law of Thermodynamics. The impacts of plate heat exchanger structure, thermal conductive resistance, and fluid thermo-physical properties on EEI are analyzed, which concludes that reducing the plate thickness can effectively improve the energy efficiency of plate heat exchangers in water-water flow and heat transfer. The overall distribution f(x) = N(191.2, 22.12 ) of EEI for plate heat exchangers are concluded, and EEI can be used to quantitatively evaluate and grade the energy efficiency of plate heat exchangers. We propose EEI = k/p n and this evaluation method can be a reference for other types of heat exchangers.