- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Sense of security is one of the efficient characteristics in an urban place. One of the sites in Iran is the traditional bazaar that has been active as the heart of traditional cities since many years ago. The purpose of this research is to study the effects of some of the physical factors, in traditional Bazaar, on the sense of security. The method of this study was descriptive-analytical, and we collected the data through survey and questionnaires. After, Friedman test was used to determine the level of significance and the classification of the main factors. The finding results show that factors like the shape of ceiling and the apparent similarity of rooms have the most influence and ceiling height has the least influence on the sense of security.
Security is one of the complicated concepts, for which providing a unique definition is not easily possible. From a spiritual viewpoint, security is the most important need that is considered as the most important purpose of life and the mental health essence of an individual (Frum, 1981).The need for security originates from not to feel endangered. Human beings have worked out a lot of solutions to meet this need in the course of the time. The most important of the solutions was living together which ultimately resulted in establishing cities. Gradually, not only people were unable to dominate most of the natural disasters, but also they turned into serious threats to each other (Faridtehrani, 2011). Security is a concept that has two dimensions of objective and subjective type.
According to previous research, physical factors are among those that can affect the sense of security of people when they are present in the environment, and the amount of effectiveness is different. Therefore, some of these factors were studied in Isfahan's traditional bazaar. Analyzing the data, according to Table 2, we concluded that the shape of the ceiling and the similar structure of the shops are the most effective factors. Also, the height of the row has the least effect on the sense of security of the shopkeepers and passengers. Among all the studied factors, the effectiveness of mosques on the sense of security was not approved. Because of the importance of the mosque as a religious, social base in Iran's society, further research on this subject needs to be conducted. The result of this study can affect the design of new and modem bazaars and commercial centers. Considering the principle of these physical factors and not just their appearance, appropriate plans regarding security and sense of security would be achieved.