- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Macrophage foam cell formation is a key initiating event in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This work was conducted to determine the role of microRNA (miR)-212 in the transformation of foam cells from macrophages. We examined the expression of miR-212 in atherosclerotic lesions in an apoE-deficient (apoE-/-) mouse model. The effects of miR-212 overexpression and knockdown on lipid accumulation and cholesterol homeostasis in THP-1 macrophages after exposure to oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL). The mechanism underlying the activity of miR-212 was explored. It was found that miR-212 was downregulated in atherosclerotic lesions and macrophages from apoE-/- mice fed high-fat diet, compared to the equivalents from apoE-/- mice fed standard diet. Overexpression of miR-212 promoted lipid accumulation in oxLDL-treated THP-1 macrophages, whereas miR-212 depletion exerted an opposite effect. Macrophage cholesterol efflux to apolipoprotein A-I was significantly reduced by miR-212, which was accompanied by reduced ABCA1 expression. Mechanistically, miR-212 targeted sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) to repress the expression of ABCA1 in THP-1 macrophages. Rescue experiments confirmed that co-expression of SIRT1 attenuated lipid accumulation and restored cholesterol efflux in miR-212-overexpressing THP-1 macrophages. Collectively, miR-212 facilitates macrophage foam cell formation and suppresses ABCA1-dependent cholesterol efflux through downregulation of SIRT1. Targeting miR-212 may provide a potential therapeutic strategy for atherosclerosis.