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دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی فضای سبز شهری و چاقی در افراد مسن – الزویر ۲۰۱۸

عنوان فارسی: فضای سبز شهری و چاقی در افراد مسن: شواهد از ایرلند
عنوان انگلیسی: Urban green space and obesity in older adults: Evidence from Ireland
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 10 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2018 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF نوع مقاله : ISI
نوع نگارش : مقالات پژوهشی (تحقیقاتی) پایگاه : اسکوپوس
کد محصول : E10231 رفرنس : دارد
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : Kb 500
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: معماری، شهرسازی
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: معماری منظر، طراحی شهری
مجله: SSM - سلامت جمعیت - SSM - Population Health
دانشگاه: Economic and Social Research Institute - Sir John Rogerson's Quay - Dublin - Ireland
کلمات کلیدی: اندازه گیری چاقی قابل مشاهده، شاخص توده بدنی، فضاهای سبز، فضای سبز شهری
doi یا شناسه دیجیتال: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.01.002
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چکیده

ABSTRACT

We examine the association between living in an urban area with more or less green space and the probability of being obese. This work involves the creation of a new dataset which combines geo-coded data at the individual level from the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing with green space data from the European Urban Atlas 2012. We find evidence suggestive of a u-shaped relationship between green space in urban areas and obesity; those living in areas with the lowest and highest shares of green space within a 1.6 km buffer zone have a higher probability of being classified as obese (BMI ⩾ 30). The unexpected result that persons in areas with both the lowest and highest shares of green space have a higher probability of being obese than those in areas with intermediate shares, suggests that other characteristics of urban areas may be mediating this relationship.

نتیجه گیری

Conclusion

This paper contributes to the literature on green spaces and obesity by creating a dataset which combines geo-coded Irish longitudinal microdata and green space data from the European Urban Atlas 2012. In particular we add to the relatively limited pre-existing literature by employing objective rather than self-reported measures of obesity. We find suggestive evidence in favour of a u-shaped relationship between green spaces in urban areas and obesity when measured in terms of BMI. Those who have the lowest and highest shares of green space in their surrounding area have a higher probability of being obese. While we cannot be confident in assigning causality in this relationship, we control for a wide range of characteristics at the individual level which allows us to substantially attenuate any omitted variable bias. While these findings confirm the importance of ensuring the availability of adequate levels of green space in high density urban areas, the unexpected result that persons in areas with both the lowest and highest shares of green space have a higher probability of being obese than those in areas with intermediate shares suggests that other characteristics of urban areas may be mediating this relationship. We conclude that future research should incorporate the accessibility of green space (e.g., the network of footpaths) in areas which are more peripheral to urban centres and thus have the highest shares of green spaces.