- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Pregnant women with acute viral hepatitis are at higher risk of morbidity and death than pregnant women with chronic viral hepatitis. The risk of death is highest with acute viral hepatitis E, and the rate of transmission to the baby may be highest with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Managing viral hepatitis in pregnancy requires assessing the risk of transmission to the baby, determining the gestational age at the time of infection and the mother’s risk of decompensation, and understanding the side effects of antiviral drugs.
Preventing vertical transmission of HBV infection in pregnancy is key to decreasing the global burden of this infection. Universal maternal screening and passive-active immunoprophylaxis of newborns have reduced transmission of HBV, but the addition of antiviral therapy is necessary to further decrease immunoprophylaxis failure.
Treatment and prevention
Hospitalization should be considered for pregnant women. Ribavirin or pegylated interferon alpha or both are effective but are contraindicated in pregnancy because of the risk of teratogenicity.41,42 Urgent liver transplant can be a successful option in acute liver failure. Prevention relies primarily on good sanitation, clean drinking water, and avoiding raw pork and venison. Boiling and chlorination of water inactivate HEV.39,40 Pregnant women should be advised to avoid travel to highly endemic areas.