دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی شبیه سازی رانندگی و رفتار سرعت در تقاطع منطقه کار – نشریه الزویر
|عنوان فارسی:||رفتار سرعت در تقاطع منطقه کار. یک مطالعه شبیه ساز رانندگی|
|عنوان انگلیسی:||Speed behaviour in work zone crossovers. A driving simulator study|
|تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 15||تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده|
|سال انتشار : 2017||نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier|
|فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF||کد محصول : E2|
|محتوای فایل : PDF||حجم فایل : 500 Kb|
|رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: مهندسی کامپیوتر و مهندسی عمران|
|گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: مهندسی نرم افزار و مهندسی راه و ترابری|
|مجله: تجزیه و تحلیل و پیشگیری از حوادث|
|دانشگاه: گروه عمران و مهندسی محیط زیست، دانشگاه فلورانس، ایتالیا|
|کلمات کلیدی: رفتار سرعت، مناطق کار، شبیه ساز رانندگی، عامل انسانی، جریان نوری، ایمنی جاده|
Reductions in speed and, more critically, in speed variability between vehicles are considered an important factor to reduce crash risk in work zones. This study was designed to evaluate in a virtual environment the drivers’ behaviour in response to nine different configurations of a motorway crossover work zone. Specifically, the speed behaviour through a typical crossover layout, designed in accordance with the Italian Ministerial Decree 10 July 2002, was compared with that of eight alternative configurations which differ in some characteristics such as the sequence of speed limits, the median opening width and the lane width. The influence of variable message signs, of channelizing devices and of perceptual treatments based on Human Factor principles were also tested. Forty-two participants drove in driving simulator scenarios while data on their speeds and decelerations were collected. The results indicated that drivers’ speeds are always higher than the temporary posted speed limits for all configurations and that speeds decreases significantly only within the by-passes. However the implementation of higher speed limits, together with a wider median opening and taller channelization devices led to a greater homogeneity of the speeds adopted by the drivers. The presence of perceptual measures generally induced both the greatest homogenization of speeds and the largest reductions in mean speed values.
The results achieved in the driving simulation study clearly confirmed the literature findings indicating a general speeding behaviour within work zones. The drivers travel at higher speeds than those indicated by the temporary speed limits within all the work zone areas and within all configurations analyzed. The increase of temporary speed limits (configuration “1”) did not change the mean driving speed which was reduced only in the experiments performed including perceptual treatments in the field of view. This seems to indicate that the actuated speed is not influenced by the posted speed limit but mainly by the perceived characteristics of the field of view. A significant speed reduction (from 5 to 7 km/h) is obtained by introducing visual measures that increase the optical density of the field of view (configurations “5” and “7”), even though the driving speed is still higher than the temporary limits. The changes carried out exclusively on vertical delineators or on chevron sign dimensions (configuration “4”) seem not to be enough to achieve a significant speed reduction.