- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
The bulb onion (Allium cepa L.) has been cultivated for thousands of years and is believed to have been first domesticated in the mountainous areas of Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, or northern Iran (Brewster, 1994). The genus Allium is broadly dispersed over the warm-temperate and temperate zones of the northern hemisphere where its greatest diversity exists in Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, and western Pakistan (Hanelt, 1990). Naturally grown Allium species can be found in open, sunny, dry sites in fairly arid climates, dry mountain slopes of these countries (Hanelt, 1990). The Alliums are not only one of the earliest cultivated crops, but also one of the earliest classified plants. Morphological characteristics such as bulb size, shape, color, and pungency are the first known classification criteria.