تلفن: ۰۴۱۴۲۲۷۳۷۸۱
تلفن: ۰۹۲۱۶۴۲۶۳۸۴

دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی رابطه بین رضایت از زندگی و استفاده از مراقبت های بهداشتی: یک مطالعه طولی – الزویر ۲۰۱۸

عنوان فارسی: رابطه بین رضایت از زندگی و استفاده از مراقبت های بهداشتی: یک مطالعه طولی
عنوان انگلیسی: The Relationship Between Life Satisfaction and Healthcare Utilization: A Longitudinal Study
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 9 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2018 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF کد محصول : E7784
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : Kb 500
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: علوم اجتماعی، روانشناسی
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: جامعه شناسی
مجله: مجله آمریکایی پزشکی پیشگیرانه - American Journal of Preventive Medicine
دانشگاه: Institute for Health Policy Management and Evaluation - Dalla Lana School of Public Health - University of Toronto - Canada
برای سفارش ترجمه این مقاله با کیفیت عالی و در کوتاه ترین زمان ممکن توسط مترجمین مجرب سایت ایران عرضه؛ روی دکمه سبز رنگ کلیک نمایید.
چکیده

Introduction: Studies have highlighted the importance of life satisfaction or, more generally, happiness, on health. However, there are few studies that have prospectively assessed the relationship between life satisfaction and healthcare utilization and costs. Methods: Participants were from three national survey cycles conducted between 2005 and 2010 to future healthcare utilization up to 2015. Analysis was conducted in 2016–2017. Annual per person costs were calculated and individuals ranked. Adjusted multinomial logistic regression models were used to quantify the association between life satisfaction and being in the top 5% or top 6%–50%, compared to the bottom 50%, during follow-up. Results: After exclusions, the study population included 85,225 adults. Increasing life dissatisfaction was associated with higher healthcare utilization and costs. In the fully adjusted model, the odds for those with the lowest level of life satisfaction being in the top 5% of healthcare costs relative to the lowest 50% is 3.05 (95% CI¼1.61, 5.80). Those with the lowest life satisfaction were also at increased odds of being in the middle utilization category (6%–50%) with a significant OR¼2.24 (95% CI¼1.60, 3.14). All trends for increasing dissatisfaction were significant (po0.001). Conclusions: Life dissatisfaction was significantly associated with being a high-cost user in the future. This relationship persisted after adjustment for demographic factors, comorbidity, socioeconomic factors, and health behaviors. This study points to the importance of considering broader correlates of well-being with respect to future healthcare utilization and costs.

نتیجه گیری

CONCLUSIONS

This study demonstrates that life satisfaction is associated with future HCU healthcare status, even after accounting for health behaviors, socioeconomic determinants, and overall comorbidity. Studying the impact of life satisfaction in the context of healthcare utilization is important. Governments around the world are struggling to determine how to best manage future healthcare costs and improve population health. This study supports the view that factors outside the healthcare system, and even outside traditional health behaviors, may be important to consider. For example, rather than health interventions, perhaps social policy interventions that lead to improved life satisfaction should be considered as a means of addressing increasing healthcare utilization costs.