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From the point of view of knowledge (or epistemologically), science is a method of inquiry about the things and structures in the world. Conceived of as a social human activity, science is an important institution or practice Constitutive of the modern world. Science has been heralded for much of the good in the world and much of its progress. It has also been blamed for many of the world's problems. Yet, scientific knowledge is often held to be the major intellectual accomplishment of the Western world. Bucks, buildings, best-selling books, museums, journals, and television programs are dedicated to science. Many people directly or indirectly earn their livelihoods by their participation in or connection with some aspect of science. Governments, corporations, and private foundations spend billions to support scientific research. Yet, despite science's multiaspected ubiquity, there remain inadequately answered questions about what science is, how to characterize the nature of its practitioners' activities, and what is the significance of the whole enterprise.