تلفن: ۰۴۱۴۲۲۷۳۷۸۱
تلفن: ۰۹۲۱۶۴۲۶۳۸۴

دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی دیدگاه هایی درباره خشونت علیه زنان در فیلم تایلندی – الزویر ۲۰۱۸

عنوان فارسی: دیدگاه هایی درباره خشونت علیه زنان در فیلم تایلندی: ابدیت
عنوان انگلیسی: Perspectives on violence against women in Thai film: The Eternity
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 9 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2018 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF نوع مقاله : ISI
نوع نگارش : مقالات پژوهشی (تحقیقاتی) پایگاه : اسکوپوس
کد محصول : E10244 رفرنس : دارد
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : Kb 500
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: حقوق، علوم اجتماعی
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: حقوق زنان، جامعه شناسی
مجله: مجله Kasetsart علوم اجتماعی - Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences
دانشگاه: Faculty of Information and Communication - Maejo University - Thailand
کلمات کلیدی: فیلم ها، فیلم تایلندی، مثلث خشونت، خشونت علیه زنان
doi یا شناسه دیجیتال: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kjss.2018.07.005
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چکیده

ABSTRACT

There are many forms of violence in films with regard to culturally unique factors and differences in religion, or ethnic origin, which are expected to influence attitudes towards violence against women. In line with this context, film is a good source to study violence against women. This study examined violence against women in direct, structural, and cultural ways in ‘The Eternity’ (Chua Fa Din Sa Lai), a Thai film by Bhandevanop Dhevakul, a prominent Thai film director. A series of in-depth interviews with respondents was conducted in Thailand. The respondents were three policymakers, five academics, three NGO leaders, two film critics, two film directors, and a newspaper editor in Thailand. The data were analyzed thematically using the NVivo 10 software. This study discovered that violence against women persisted and was embedded in the film, which contained direct violence, structural violence, and cultural violence. Direct violence appeared as raping, slapping, beating, and humiliation, while structural violence included inequality, primitive society, and power structure. Cultural violence was embedded as power acceptance, patriarchy, and marital bondage. The significance of this study is in providing a deeper understanding of the circumstances associated with violence against women in Thai films. This study may benefit the film industry and film classification by drawing attention to violence against women in films and thereafter minimizing it.

نتیجه گیری

Conclusion and Recommendations

There are numerous studies about violence against women in the media, but there is less attention to films, especially Thai films. However, the studies on violence against women in films are more about direct violence, such as sexual violence or physical violence. Correspondingly, Galtung's triangle of violence shows that direct, structural, and cultural violence support each other although cultural violence is violence which people accept, and sometimes they do not even know that the violence is happening. Therefore, this study has attempted to increase the scope of violence against women, and was the first study to track the three types of violence against women in Thai films. In this paper, the discussion centers on perspectives of stakeholders within civil society on violence directed toward women in the selected Thai film. The available evidence seems to suggest that violence against women according to Galtung's violence model is characterized in some of the content in ‘The Eternity’. More specifically, direct violence emerged in the form of rape, slapping, and beating in addition to physical humiliation. Direct violence has been categorized as the commonest form used against women, which needs to be discouraged. Interestingly, only a female respondent highlighted the rape as direct violence in this film. Moreover, one of the areas of violence which does not receive attention, but causes harm to women in most societies is structural violence. In this study, various forms of structural violence were found to be present in ‘The Eternity’. For example, the display of gender inequality could be seen to reinforce conceptions of how women should be treated and similarly, the primitive way in which women were treated as perpetual slaves who are afraid of men is a kind of structural violence. Also, the demonstration of the power structure in which one person is almighty and to be feared portrays all other people, especially women, as pets that are owned by the powerful and can be manipulated as they wish. This portrayal is what sociologists detest and is referred to as power structure. Another key point of this study is cultural violence which is the aspect of the culture which is used to justify violence against women. In ‘The Eternity’, power acceptance as well as patriarchy was used to establish the dominance of males over females even where the female contributes significantly to the wellbeing of the family. Significantly, the cultural violence content in this film supports structural violence and direct violence to be social norms which women and society accept and dare not challenge. These results provide confirmatory evidence that violence against women in this film is complex.