- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus has been shown to be associated with certain endocrine disorders in men. We therefore investigated the levels of male sex hormones in serum of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and non-diabetic controls (NDMC) with a view to establishing the effect of diabetes mellitus on their endocrine system. Methods: One hundred and twenty five male type 2 diabetic subjects and 50 apparently healthy non-diabetic male individuals within the age of 32 – 70 years were recruited into this study. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), male sex hormones (follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), prolactin, luteinizing hormone (LH), and testosterone), and body mass index (BMI) were determined. Results: The mean value of FPG, FSH and prolactin were significantly higher in diabetic subjects when compared with the NDMC, but there was no significant difference in the levels of LH and BMI. The level of testosterone was significantly lower in diabetics than in NDMC. There was no significant correlation between duration of diabetes and male sex hormones (FSH, LH, Prolactin and Testosterone). Results also showed that male sex hormones, BMI, FPG, are independent of age. Conclusion: This study revealed decreased levels of testosterone with insignificantly high levels of luteinizing hormone which is suggestive of abnormal feedback mechanism in the hypothalamicpituitary-testicular axis of these diabetic men. The study also revealed a significant raised serum prolactin levels in type 2 diabetic patients without a definitive cause. We therefore, recommend further studies to elucidate the possible underlying mechanisms involved in these abnormalities so that correct strategies for treatment can be employed.