- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
A consumer demand that presents auto-correlated components is a class of demand commonly found in competitive markets in which consumers may develop preferences for certain products which influence their willingness to purchase them again. This behavior may be observed in inventory systems whose products are subject to promotion plans in which mechanisms that incentivize the demand are implemented. Inventory systems that ignore these dependency components may severely impair their performance. This paper analyzes a stochastic inventory model where the control review system is periodic, is categorized as a lost-sale case, and is exposed to this class of auto-correlated demand pattern. The demand for products is characterized as a discrete Markov-modulated demand in which product quantities of the same item may relate to one another according to an empirical probability distribution. A simulation-based optimization that combines simulated annealing, pattern search, and ranking and selection (SAPS&RS) methods to approximate near-optimal solutions to this problem is employed. Lower and upper bounds for a range of near-optimal solutions are determined by the pattern search step enhanced by ranking and selection—indifferent zone. Results indicate that inventory performance significantly declines as the autocorrelation increases and is disregarded.