تلفن: ۰۴۱۴۲۲۷۳۷۸۱
تلفن: ۰۹۲۱۶۴۲۶۳۸۴

دانلود رایگان مقاله نقش دستگاه تحریک عصبی در درمان درد و بهبود تحرک – نشریه الزویر

عنوان فارسی: گزارش یک سری تحقیق در مورد دستگاه تحریک عصبی برای درمان درد و بهبود تحرک و عملکرد جراحی آرنج
عنوان انگلیسی: Report on a case series investigating a neurostimulation device for the treatment of pain and improvement of mobility and function following elbow surgery
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 7 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2014 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF کد محصول : E1019
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : 500 Kb
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: مهندسی پزشکی و پزشکی
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: بیومکانیک، بیوالکتریک و مغز و اعصاب
مجله: طب سوزنی و درمان های مرتبط
دانشگاه: ژوهانسبورگ، آفریقای جنوبی
کلمات کلیدی: دستگاه تحریک جریان مستقیم مغز، جراحی آرنج، درد حاد، تحرک
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بخشی از ترجمه چکیده

گروهی متشکل از هفت بیمار پس از جراحی آرنج به دلیل آسیب های ورزش تنیس و گلف، از تحریک های عصبی (با دستگاه Stimpod و)، به عنوان تنها درمان برای تسکین درد شدید پس از عمل جراحی و بهبود حرکت و عملکرد،بهره بردند.بیمارانی که تحت عمل مذکور قرار گرفته بودند،برای مدتی طولانی از درد های مزمن همراه با نشانه های اختلال های عصبی و یا بدون این نشانه ها،رنج میبردند. معمولا جراحی های سنگین همراه با التهاب های ناشی از این جراحی ها هم بر مشکلات این افراد، می افزاید.احتمال می رود که درمان این بیماران به صورت جدی فورا پس از عمل میتواند موجب تسکین درد و تسریع روند بهبودی، بشود.

روش: بعد از جراحی، هفت بیمار در طول 10 روز قبل از برداشتن آتل ها، سه جلسه درمان تحریک عصبی به مدت 20 دقیقه بر روی شبکه ی بازویی شان دریافت کردند. سپس، شش جلسه ی درمانی دوبار در هفته هر کدام به مدت 20 دقیقه پس از برداشتن آتل ها نیز انجام شد.

چکیده

abstract

A group of seven patients received neurostimulation (Stimpod) post-tennis or golfer’s elbow surgery as their sole treatment to relieve acute post-operative pain, improve mobility and function. Patients undergoing the above-mentioned surgery have had chronic pain with and without neuropathic symptoms for a prolonged period. There is usually severe injury with active inflammatory processes due to the surgery. It was thought that treating these patients aggressively early post-operatively may expedite pain relief and the healing process. Method: After their surgery, seven patients were given neurostimulation for three treatments of 20 min each on the brachial plexus during the 10 days before the splint was removed. This was followed by 6 treatments, twice weekly of 20 min each after the splint was removed. At each of these treatments 5-min stimulation were administered to four areas: the nerve supply (1) superior and (2) inferior to the elbow and (3 and 4) on either end of the wound. Patients were evaluated for pain with the visual analogue scale, movements of flexion and extension measured with a goniometer, strength and flexibility with a 12-movement activity scale, status of the wound and satisfaction with treatment, mobility and function. These measures were re-evaluated telephonically at one, three and six months after the last treatment. Results: Significant pain relief was achieved by all of the seven patients before the splint was removed at the 4th treatment. Pain relief, range of movement and function was greatly improved at the final (9th) treatment by six of the seven patients and this was maintained with nearly full improvement of the above parameters for most of the participants at one month after the last treatment. Two patients had to have re-operation due to requiring more extensive surgery in the one patient and falling and injuring the original surgical site in the other patient. At three and six months after the last treatment full improvement in all the parameters above was maintained in the remaining five patients who also had excellent wound healing and satisfaction with their treatment, mobility and function. Conclusion:It appears that the neurostimulation (Stimpod) has the capacity to improve acute post-surgical pain and reduce pain, improve mobility, function and stimulate wound healing once the splint was removed. This treatment is relatively cost effective, is non-invasive and of short duration. Positive effects were all maintained at 6 months.

نتیجه گیری

5. Discussion

Prior to this case series of patients undergoing epicondylitis surgery the author had evaluated a random group of eight patients from 2006 to 2011 from the patient records that had also had the above mentioned surgery and had been referred by their orthopaedic surgeons for pain control and improved mobility. On evaluation of this group of patients there was consistency with other studies in the comparison of their ages, gender and type of surgery with lateral epicondylitis surgery performed more frequently that medial epicondylitis surgery [1,5]. Unfortunately there was limited information in VAS and wound status in some of the patients but there was evidence of some patients requiring treatment many weeks after surgery, 16 weeks in one patient with the minimum referral being 10 days after surgery. There were a minimum number of treatments provided in one patient of two treatments and a maximum number of 12 treatments in another patient, with varying numbers of treatments in the others. Some of the wounds were oedematous and inflamed, most of the patients had limitation of extension of the elbow and there was only 50% resolution of the condition in these elbows according to the notes scrutinized. The treatments that were offered to these patients were usuallymultiplemodalities thatincluded ultrasound, electro-acupuncture, infrared laser, functional electrical stimulation, stretching, mobilization of the joint and exercises depending on the condition. These treatments would extend for longer than 20 min duration.