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تلفن: ۰۹۲۱۶۴۲۶۳۸۴

دانلود رایگان مقاله سیاست های نوآورانه توزیع حساس: مفهوم سازی و مثال های تجربی

عنوان فارسی: سیاست های نوآورانه توزیع حساس: مفهوم سازی و مثال های تجربی
عنوان انگلیسی: Distribution sensitive innovation policies: Conceptualization and empirical examples
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 10 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2017 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF کد محصول : مقاله سال 2017
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : Kb500
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: علوم سیاسی
مجله: سیاست تحقیق - Research Policy
دانشگاه: گروه های سیاست عمومی و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تل آویو، اسرائیل
کلمات کلیدی: سیاست نوآوری، انصاف، توزیع، رشد علم و تکنولوژی
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چکیده

abstract

Innovation is essential to economic growth. However, it appears that the ways in which we pursue innovation policies generate economic inequities. In this paper, we explore policies that could be devised and employed with the aim of increasing growth while taking into account economic distribution. We call these policies distribution-sensitive innovation policies (DSIP). Following an exploratory theoretical approach, the paper focuses on a specific set of DSIP which are focused on particular groups of disadvantaged producers and consumers. We first categorize such programs into four types, and then employ a comparative approach to analyze existing programs in terms of these types, first, in our primary case study, Israel, and, then, using the United States, Germany, and Sweden as limited shadow cases to elaborate on the finding from our primary case. We conclude by arguing that although these programs are currently driven primarily by a concern for economic efficiency and not distribution, they show that our approach utilizing innovation policy to reach dual economic and social policy goals has potential for success.

نتیجه گیری

5. Conclusion

The main objective of this study is to introduce DSIPs as an important new tool that aims at the same time to increase both growth and equity and, hence, could be a critical part of the social investment state. Programs of this type have the potential to level the playing field where it is most uneven: science, technology, and innovation.In this article, we focused on the effects of innovation on specific groups of technology’ producers and users and discussed four different archetypes of DSIPs: innovation in traditional industries, geographical-economic peripheries, disadvantaged ascriptive groups, and the advancement of disadvantaged consumers of technology.