- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
An important research need concerns identifying and describing factors that promote reflexivity and change in life-design career interventions. Career construction counseling, a primary life-design intervention, uses narrative methods in an interpersonal process of helping people design a work life through reflexive action. Using Interpersonal Process Recall (IPR), the present study examined what prompts reflexivity and change in career construction counseling. A single case analysis method involving a 24-year old Caucasian woman examined one client's experience of processes that prompted change and reflection about her current career transition. Post-counseling IPR with the client of her videotaped career construction counseling session indicated five major themes: (a) role models prompt identity reflection, (b) early recollections foster cohesion, (c) follow-up questions add depth to the story, (d) counselor as audience provides clarity and validation, and (e) career construction interview questions illuminate perspective and need for action. Results support prior research indicating the usefulness of career construction counseling for promoting reflexive action in life design.
Because it involves reflexive autobiographical work and goal-setting activities identified as critical to successful career planning (Brown et al., 2003), career construction counseling may offer particular relevance for life-career design in contemporary times (Savickas, 2011, 2012, 2015). Using IPR, we examined a single episode of career construction counseling conducted in two sessions to determine one client's perspective on what prompts client change and reflexivity in the counseling process. The goal was to identify critical moments and mechanisms in the career construction counseling process that foster significant outcomes for the client. The present results indicate the importance of establishing an effective working alliance with the client at the outset of career counseling. This is consistent with the centrality of working alliance across counseling and psychotherapy modalities (Horvath & Greenberg, 1994). Thus, it is no less important and, indeed, seems critical based on the present results, to build rapport and a working alliance at the outset of career construction counseling. In the present case analysis, this proved very helpful for the client to feel comfortable in reflecting on her story and engaging with the counselor in the counseling process.