- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
If we count all economic activities that depend on the sea, then the EU's blue economy1 represents 5.4 million jobs and a gross added value of just under €500 billion per year2 . In all, 75% of Europe’s external trade3 and 37% of trade within the EU4 is seaborne. Much of this activity is concentrated around Europe's coasts, but not all. Some landlocked countries host very successful manufacturers of marine equipment. The sea and the coasts are drivers of the economy. Because of their outward-looking geography, ports and coastal communities have traditionally been centres for new ideas and innovation. In addition to this traditional propensity for innovation, three new factors have now come into play. – First, there has been rapid technological progress in working offshore in everdeeper waters. Robotics, video-surveillance and submersible technology are now routinely packaged into machinery for operations that were not feasible ten years ago.