- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Long-term potentiation (LTP), a form of synaptic plasticity, is considered to be a critical cellular mechanism that underlies learning and memory. Cannabinoid CB1 and metabotropic GABAB receptors display similar pharmacological effects and co-localize in certain brain regions. In this study, we examined the effects of co-administration of the CB1 and GABAB antagonists AM251 and baclofen, respectively, on LTP induction in the rat dentate gyrus (DG). Male Wistar rats were anesthetized with urethane. A stimulating electrode was placed in the lateral perforant path (PP), and a bipolar recording electrode was inserted into the DG until maximal field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) were observed. LTP was induced in the hippocampal area by high-frequency stimulation (HFS) of the PP. fEPSPs and population spikes (PS) were recorded at 5, 30, and 60 min after HFS in order to measure changes in the synaptic responses of DG neurons. Our results showed that HFS coupled with administration of AM251 and baclofen increased both PS amplitude and fEPSP slope. Furthermore, co-administration of AM251 and baclofen elicited greater increases in PS amplitude and fEPSP slope. The results of the present study suggest that CB1 receptor activation in the hippocampus mainly modifies synapses onto GABAergic interneurons located in the DG. Our results further suggest that, when AM251 and baclofen are administered simultaneously, AM251 can alter GABA release and thereby augment LTP through GABAB receptors. These results suggest that functional crosstalk between cannabinoid and GABA receptors regulates hippocampal synaptic plasticity
The locations of implanted DG and PP electrodes were histologically confirmed in brain sections of animals. The electrophysiological responses are depending on the exact location of electrodes. Recording and stimulating electrodes were located in DG and PP, respectively. At the end of experiment rats were deeply anesthetized with urethane (2.0 g/kg) and perfused through the heart with formol–saline. Brain sections were cut at 50 mm and stained with hematoxylin and eosin for verification of electrode placements.