تلفن: ۰۴۱۴۲۲۷۳۷۸۱
تلفن: ۰۹۲۱۶۴۲۶۳۸۴

دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی سرمایه گذاری فلز در ترکیب شیمیایی سیلیکات ها و سولفید ها از سیستم های مس پورفیری – الزویر ۲۰۱۸

عنوان فارسی: سرمایه گذاری فلز در ترکیب شیمیایی سیلیکات ها و سولفید ها از سیستم های مس پورفیری معدنی، کمان ماگمایی ارومیه-دختر، ایران
عنوان انگلیسی: Metal endowment reflected in chemical composition of silicates and sulfides of mineralized porphyry copper systems, Urumieh-Dokhtar magmatic arc, Iran
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 48 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2018 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF نوع مقاله : ISI
نوع نگارش : مقالات پژوهشی (تحقیقاتی) پایگاه : اسکوپوس
کد محصول : E9528 رفرنس : دارد
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : mb 2
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: زمین شناسی
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: زمین شناسی زیست محیطی
مجله: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
دانشگاه: Department of Geology - Faculty of Earth Science - Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz - Iran
کلمات کلیدی: شیمی سیلیکات؛ سولفید ها؛ سیستم های مس پورفیری؛ کمان ماگمایی ارومیه-دختر؛ ایران
doi یا شناسه دیجیتال: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2017.11.012
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چکیده

Abstract

The present work attempts to discriminate between the geochemical features of magmatichydrothermal systems involved in the early stages of mineralization in high grade versus low grade porphyry copper systems, using chemical compositions of silicate and sulfide minerals (i.e., plagioclase, biotite, pyrite and chalcopyrite). The data indicate that magmatic plagioclase in all of the porphyry copper systems studied here has high An% and Al content with a significant trend of evolution toward AlAl3SiO8 and Si4O8 endmembers, providing insight into the high melt water contents of the parental magmas. Comparably, excess Al and An% in the high grade deposits appears to be higher than that of selected low grade deposits, representing a direct link between the amounts of exsolving hydrothermal fluids and the potential of metal endowment in porphyry copper deposits (PCDs). Also, higher Al contents accompanied by elevated An% are linked to the increasing intensity of disruptive alteration (phyllic) in feldspars from the high grade deposits. As calculated from biotite compositions, chloride contents are higher in the exsolving hydrothermal fluids that contributed to the early mineralization stages of highly mineralized porphyry systems. However, as evidenced by scattered and elevated log (fH2O)/(fHF) and log (fH2O)/(fHCl) values, chloride contents recorded in biotite could be influenced by post potassic fluids. Geothermometry of biotite associated with the onset of sulfide mineralization indicates that there is a trend of increasing temperature from high grade to low grade porphyry systems. Significantly, this is coupled with a sharp change in copper content of pyrite assemblages precipitated at the early stages of mineralization such that Cu decreased with increasing temperature. Based on EMPA and detailed WDS elemental mapping, trace elements do not exhibit complex compositional zoning or solid solution in the sulfide structure. Nevertheless, significant amounts of Cu and Au are contained in pyrite assemblages as micro- to nano-sized inclusions, especially in the high grade fertile porphyry deposits. However, unexpectedly high concentrations of Te, Se, and Re may be associated with early stage of sulfide mineralization, especially when there is no epithermal lithocap. This may highlights the significance of trace metals partitioning in the sulfides formed at the early stages of mineralization in PCDs.

نتیجه گیری

5. Conclusion

Combining silicate and sulfide chemistry, we studied the main physicochemical attributes of magmatic – hydrothermal systems associated with high grade and low grade porphyry copper deposits. In order to minimize possible differences related to rock compositions the studied deposits were divided into two major groups: (1) quartz diorite, and (2) granodiorite. The former includes relatively high grade Dalli and Chahfiruzeh porphyries, and a low grade Keder porphyry system, whereas the latter includes the large Meiduk deposit, and two low grade deposits at Sarkuh and Iju. Our data indicate that An% and Al content of plagioclase could be linked directly to the magmatic water content of porphyry intrusions. Also, variations in magmatic water coupled with An% and alumina content are strongly associated with the mineralization potential of porphyry intrusions, such that higher mineralization efficiency is observed with increasing of partial pressure of water and increasing An% and Al content of plagioclase. The data indicate that plagioclase composition should also be considered as a key factor in the occurrence and/or expansion of feldspar-destructive alteration (phyllic) in porphyry copper systems, because at acidic pH conditions the dissolution rate would increase with increasing the Al contents of plagioclase.