- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
The environmental performance of cemented paste backfill (CPB; a mixture of tailings, water and binder), which contains sulphide mineral-bearing tailings, is strongly influenced by its reactivity. However, our understanding of the reactivity of CPB under various thermal loading conditions as well as its evolution with time is limited. Hence, a laboratory investigation is conducted to study the effects of curing and ambient (atmospheric) temperatures on the reactivity of CPB. Oxygen consumption (OC) tests are conducted on CPB specimens cured at different temperatures to study their reactivity. Furthermore, microstructural analyses (e.g., x-ray diffraction (XRD), mercury intrusion porosimetry, and thermogravimetry/derivative thermogravimetry) are performed to assess the microstructural characteristics of the tested CPBs. The results show that the reactivity of CPB is temperature-dependent. As the curing temperature increases, the reactivity generally decreases. The reactivity is also affected by the ambient temperature. The reactivity increases as the atmospheric temperature increases. However, the extent of the effect of the temperature depends on the curing time and is generally more pronounced at the early ages. Furthermore, the presence of sulphate in the pore water of CPB can significantly affect the reactivity of CPB cured at high temperatures (50 C). The findings of this study will therefore help to better assess and predict the environmental behavior of CPB under various field thermal conditions.
This research is a study of the influence of curing and ambient (atmospheric) temperature on the oxygen consumption or reactivity of CPB specimens prepared with three types of tailings that contain different pyrite contents and cured at different times. It is found that: - the reactivity of CPB is influenced by both curing and ambient temperatures due to change in its microstructure as well as transport properties (e.g., diffusivity), - in general, as the curing temperature increases, the reactivity decreases. However, the presence of sulphate in the pore water of CPB can significantly increase the reactivity of CPB cured at high temperatures (50 C), and - the reactivity increases as the ambient temperature increases. However, the extent of the effect of the temperature depends on the curing time and is generally more pronounced at the early ages. This study has shown that temperature is a key factor that affects the reactivity of CPB systems through hydration and oxidation reactions. However, despite the results found in this study, there is still the need to investigate the role of temperature coupled with other parameters (i.e., sulphate content, stress) on the reactivity of CPB systems. This will be the objective of further studies.