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Organisations need to implement Sustainable Enterprise Resource Planning (S-ERP) systems to manage their sustainable business. This system enables an integration of sustainable processes, information and data on every level of the organisations' value chain. Leading information technology companies like Oracle, Microsoft, and Systemanalyse und Programmentwicklung (SAP) have developed such sustainable enterprise system. However, the problem faced by companies is in the implementation of the S-ERP systems. Due to the absence of a master plan, organisations are not always provided with a thorough plan on the implementation process of the system. This gap in the available knowledge has motivated researchers to engage in the development of a master plan to implement the S-ERP systems that consist of a roadmap, framework, and guidelines. The aim of this research is to concentrate on the development of the roadmap providing the implementation stages of the S-ERP systems. A conceptual research method is used in the study that is mainly dependent on the available literature. Numerous existing roadmaps are reviewed to expose the gaps and inconsistencies. Project management method is used as a basic concept for developing the roadmap. As a result, the roadmap includes three phases (pre-implementation, implementation, and postimplementation) and each of them includes numerous stages to implement the S-ERP systems. This roadmap would be useful for practitioners in providing the stages to implement the S-ERP system in their organisations.
5. Conclusion In order to move toward sustainability, companies should simultaneously improve the social, environmental, and economic performance of their business. The implementation of an S-ERP system is needed for the integration of every sustainability process, information and data across the extended value chain. However, studies outlining a master plan that shows steps, viewpoints and stages that can provide direction for practitioners in the implementation of the S-ERP systems are limited. Companies need a thorough master plan that consists of a roadmap, framework, and guidelines to help them in the S-ERP system implementation.
The goal of this study has been the development of a roadmap for the S-ERP system implementation. Different researchers approached the issue of developing the roadmap in various ways. A literature review has been required in using the conceptual research method and consequently, a project management concept for developing the roadmap was found.
The S-ERP roadmap is a part of the S-ERP master plan that is advantageous for practitioners to show them the stages of implementing the S-ERP system. The research has to venture further to assess the degree to which the roadmap is usable. The guidelines and framework must be developed and assessed for the completion of the master plan and to implement the S-ERP system.