- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
The peach melting flesh cultivars ‘Ryan Sun’ and ‘Sweet September’ and the non-melting, ‘Kakamas’ were harvested according to their visually assessed ground color and divided into four, ripeness classes (M1, M2, M3, and M4). The following aspects were determined:fruit mass, soluble, solids content(SSC), ground skin hue angle (h◦) and chroma (C*), the absorbance difference at 670 nm and, 720 nm index (IAD), and the texture (fruit firmness measured with a needle, flesh firmness measured, with a 7.9 mm plunger, and uniaxial compression strength). Considering that in peaches, the h◦ of the, ground color and the IAD are maturity indicators closely associated with ripeness and particularly with, flesh firmness, the texture parameters and their relationship to h◦ and IAD were examined. The visual, assessment of the ground color was validated as the criterion for sorting the ripeness levels in peaches, as confirmed by h◦ and IAD. Fruit firmness assessed with the needle and that with the 7.9 mm plunger, were highly correlated with each other and with the h◦ and IAD, whereas the compression strength, exhibited less correlation with the optical properties of the skin. The non-melting ‘Kakamas’ showed, the poorest correlation between texture and h◦ and IAD. Comparing both optical properties, the IAD, showed a higher correlation with texture features than the h◦. In a second experiment, fruit from the M3 ripeness class was maintained in a ripening chamber (20 ◦C, and 80% RH) untilthe flesh was softened for consumption. During postharvest, the first two principal, components of a principal component analysis explained 85% of the total variance ofthe texture, components and the optical properties ofthe skin. PC1 (67.2%) was defined positively by the texture, parameters and IAD. The h◦ of the ground color was negatively related to all texture parameters, and, IAD. PC2 (17.8%) was associated positively with the juice content, and this parameter proved to be, independent of all others.