- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
This study examined parental education, parental information and communication technology (ICT) literacy, and parenting style as predictors of adolescents' home Internet use and usage by employing relative importance analysis. Irrespective of adolescents' gender, the three most important predictors of learning-related Internet usage were maternal education, paternal monitoring style, and maternal monitoring style. Male adolescents were highly influenced by maternal education and paternal parenting styles, whereas female adolescents were highly influenced by maternal parenting styles and paternal education. The three most important predictors of leisure-related Internet usage were maternal permission style, paternal permission style, and paternal monitoring style. Maternal permission style and paternal permission style were the most important predictors for male adolescents. Maternal permission style, paternal ICT literacy, paternal monitoring style, and maternal worry style were the most important predictors for female adolescents.
Parental involvement in the education and school life of adolescents has been widely researched and documented. The theory of parental mediation has evolved to consider how parents utilize interpersonal communication skills to mitigate the negative effects that communication media can have on their children (Clark, 2011). We accessed several studies concerning different types of parenting and how they may be related to children's Internet use; these studies emphasized the importance of parental mediation in influencing children's media use (Helsper, Kalmus, Hasebrink, Sagvari, & de Haan, 2013; Livingstone, Haddon, Gorzig, € & Olafsson, 2011b; Livingstone & Helsper, 2008). However, despite the research data collected regarding parental mediation, little is known about how parents are involved in the supervision of adolescents' Internet use and usage at home. This study examined three crucial parenting variables that influence adolescents' Internet use and usage at home: parental education, parental ICT literacy, and parenting style. The study further distinguished between paternal and maternal parenting styles to examine their effects on adolescents' home Internet use and usage. The study identified generic parenting patterns and specific parenting patterns with respect to adolescent gender. The research findings suggest that the different types of parenting and their relationships with adolescents' home Internet use and usage warrant further investigation. Specifically, future researchers can expand upon these study results by examining other aspects of paternal and maternal parenting practices. Parents communicate their beliefs, values, attitudes, and expectations to their children through various intentional and unintentional messages and behaviors. Success in establishing positive ICT use at home depends upon the mutual effort of parents and children to appropriate, objectify, incorporate, and convert (Silverstone et al., 1992) technological artifacts into sociocultural products for harmonious integration into household practices.