تلفن: ۰۴۱۴۲۲۷۳۷۸۱
تلفن: ۰۹۲۱۶۴۲۶۳۸۴

دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی پنجاه سال رهبری جامعه شناختی در علوم اجتماعی و پزشکی – الزویر ۲۰۱۸

عنوان فارسی: پنجاه سال رهبری جامعه شناختی در علوم اجتماعی و پزشکی
عنوان انگلیسی: Fifty years of sociological leadership at Social Science and Medicine
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 32 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2018 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF نوع مقاله : ISI
نوع نگارش : مقالات پژوهشی (تحقیقاتی) پایگاه : اسکوپوس
کد محصول : E9703 رفرنس : دارد
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : Kb 500
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: علوم اجتماعی
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: جامعه شناسی
مجله: علوم اجتماعی و پزشکی - Social Science & Medicine
دانشگاه: Department of Sociology-UCLA - Haines Hall - Portola Plaza - Los Angele - USA
doi یا شناسه دیجیتال: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.11.007
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چکیده

Abstract

In this review article, we examine some of the conceptual contributions of sociology of health and illness over the past fifty years. Specifically, we focus on research dealing with medicalization, the management of stigma, research on adherence and compliance, and patient-doctor interaction. We show how these themes that originated within sociology, diffused in other disciplines. Sociology in Social Science and Medicine started as an applied research tradition but morphed into a robust, stand-alone social science tradition.

نتیجه گیری

Conclusion

Over time, sociological research in Social Science and Medicine has transformed from a collection of studies highlighting the social aspects of medical care in pursuit of better health care into a stand-alone body of scholarship exploring how health and illness affect people’s lives – at any stage of the life-course, and at both individual and collective levels. Even if health care is one focus of contemporary sociological research, sociologists tend to decenter the physician’s gaze as the primordial authoritative point of view and instead recover the voices of patients, families, and communities. At the core of much sociological research are the existential issues of living when body or mind break down and when social networks are shocked or disturbed. Many ideas that began as medical sociology have, little by little, been picked up by other disciplines. The conceptual, methodological, and theoretical contributions have found their way not simply into the sister offices of the journal, but also into allied fields such as bioethics, nursing research, and patient counseling. In the context of a rapidly shifting health care system, growing inequalities in mortality and morbidity, and a flurry of different financial incentives that render care profitable, much work remains to be done.