- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Nowadays, the dairy industry is considered the largest source of food processing wastewater. The effluent, that includes wasted milk and water from cleaning, sanitization, heating, cooling and floor washing, but excludes whey that is generally separated and differently treated or upgraded, is characterized by variable volumes, flow rates and organic matter content, which ranges approx. from 0.8 to 7.0 g/l COD (Britz et al., 2006). Dairy wastewaters require, therefore, specialized treatments (EU Directive 2000/60/EC) to meet effluent discharge standards and to reduce the risk of environmental problems such as eutrophication in rivers, lakes and coastal waters.