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تلفن: ۰۹۲۱۶۴۲۶۳۸۴

دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی ارزش های اجتماعی و خشونت درونی شریک زندگی زنان – الزویر ۲۰۱۸

عنوان فارسی: ارزش های اجتماعی و خشونت درونی شریک زندگی زنان در نپال
عنوان انگلیسی: Social norms and women's risk of intimate partner violence in Nepal
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 8 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2018 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF نوع مقاله : ISI
نوع نگارش : مقالات پژوهشی (تحقیقاتی) پایگاه : اسکوپوس
کد محصول : E10378 رفرنس : دارد
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : Kb 500
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: علوم اجتماعی، روانشناسی
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: جامعه شناسی، روانشناسی عمومی
مجله: علوم اجتماعی و پزشکی - Social Science & Medicine
دانشگاه: Hubert Department of Global Health - Rollins School of Public Health - Emory University - USA
کلمات کلیدی: نپال، خشونت شریک صمیمی، خشونت خانگی، جلوگیری، هنجارهای اجتماعی
doi یا شناسه دیجیتال: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.02.017
برای سفارش ترجمه این مقاله با کیفیت عالی و در کوتاه ترین زمان ممکن توسط مترجمین مجرب سایت ایران عرضه؛ روی دکمه سبز رنگ کلیک نمایید.
چکیده

ABSTRACT

Social norms increasingly are the focus of intimate partner violence (IPV) prevention strategies but are among the least examined contextual factors in quantitative violence research. This study assesses the within-community, between-community, and contextual effect of a new measure of social norms (PVNS: Partner Violence Norms Scale) on women's risk of IPV. Data come from baseline surveys collected from 1435 female, married, reproductive-age participants, residing in 72 wards in three districts (Chitwan, Kapilvastu, Nawalparasi) in Nepal who were enrolled in a cluster randomized trial testing the impact of a social behavioral change communication intervention designed to prevent IPV. Results of unconditional multilevel logistic regression models indicated that there was cluster-level variability in the 12-month prevalence of physical (ICC = 0.07) and sexual (ICC = 0.05) IPV. Mean PVNS scores also varied across wards. When modeled simultaneously, PVNS scores aggregated to the ward-level and at the individual-level were associated with higher odds of physical (ORind = 1.12, CI = 1.04, 1.20; ORward = 1.40, CI = 1.15, 1.72) and sexual (ORind = 1.15, CI = 1.08, 1.24; ORward = 1.47, CI = 1.24, 1.74) IPV. The contextual effect was significant in the physical (0.23, se = 0.11, t = 2.12) and sexual (0.24, se = 0.09, t = 2.64) IPV models, suggesting that the ward-level association was larger than that at the individual-level. Adjustment for covariates slightly attenuated the ward-level association and eliminated the contextual association, suggesting that individual perceptions and the collective community phenomena were equally strong predictors of women's risk of IPV and should be taken into consideration when planning interventions. PVNS is a promising measure of social norms underpinning women's risk of IPV and warrants further psychometric testing.

نتیجه گیری

Conclusions

A complex combination of social norms related to gender, sexuality, honor, family primacy and privacy, and the acceptability of violence undergird the perpetration of IPV. Questions remain, however, on the best way to measure social norms. Study findings highlight the potential utility of PVNS to measure perceived and collective normative expectations associated with women's risk of IPV. Additional psychometric testing and ultimately, the trial's results, will shed light on the potential for a social behavior change communication intervention to alter norms around the acceptability of IPV, and ultimately, reduce the occurrence of IPV (Clark et al., 2017) and the ability of the PNVS to measure that change.